KROK, Ukrainian Medical Examination: MBBS in Ukraine

What is KROK Exam? All about the KROK Exam in Ukraine.

KROK is a Licensing Examination, an obligatory part of state certification for awarding the qualification of doctor or pharmacist. Students who are preparing for the specialties “Medicine”, “Dentistry” and “Pharmacy” pass two separate test exams – “KROK–1” and “KROK–2“. The first examination “KROK–1” consists of basic biomedical sciences, the second – “KROK–2” consists of the basic professionally oriented disciplines. License exam is passed to determine the appropriate level of professional knowledge and skills of students in higher medical (pharmaceutical) educational institutions minimum needed level of qualification according to national qualification requirements. 

KROK Exam is conducted by the Testing Center of Ministry of Health of Ukraine. KROK 1 - This is the first part of the Ukrainian Medical Examination. It aims to assess whether school students or graduates can apply important concepts of the foundational science fundamental to the practice of medicine. Ukrainian medical students who wish to seek licensure to practice medicine in Ukraine, typically take KROK -1 at the end of the third year of medical school. Graduates of international medical schools must also take Step 1 if they want to practice in Ukraine. The Exam Is three and a half hours (for foreign students four hours) taken in a single day, composed of 200 multiple-choice questions. The criterion "pass / fail" established by the Testing Centre at the level of 60.5%. All students who received the "not passed" result of the KROK-1 exam may retake the KROK-1 not more than 2 times in the terms established by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. In the case of the result "not passed" after the third attempt, the students are not admitted to the next examination session and expelled from the institution of higher education. KROK-2 - the examination for professional-oriented disciplines that correspond to the training program for professionals in the medical field. The criterion “pass/fail” built up by the Testing Center at the degree of 60.5%. All students who got the “not passed” result of KROK-2 test, are permitted to finish the state graduation tests, yet don’t get a certificate of licensing KROK-2 test. If the candidate doesn’t pass state attestation, they won’t get the diploma of higher education institutions. The candidate may retake the KROK-2 test earlier than 1 year.

According to the order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine "On the order of conducting the integrated examinations" from 29.04.2013 items 5.1 and 5.2:

  • Only students with no arrears in the curriculum, particularly in the disciplines of "KROK-1" are allowed to take the exam "KROK-1";
  • The exam "KROK-2" is only available to students with no arrears in the implementation of the curriculum and with the presence of certificates of the license exam "KROK-1".



  • Human anatomy - 9%
  • Biology - 7%
  • Biological Chemistry - 16%
  • Histology, Cytology and Embryology - 4%
  • Microbiology, Virology and Immunology - 18.5%
  • Physiology - 6%
  • Pathophysiology - 16%
  • Pathomorphology - 12.5%
  • Pharmacology - 11%.


  • 40% of therapeutic profile tasks (Therapy, Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Endocrinology, Occupational Diseases, Phthisiatry, Radiology, and Radiation Medicine, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Neurology, Clinical Immunology, Clinical Pharmacology),
  • 20% of surgical profile tasks (general surgery, oncology, urology, anesthesiology, and critical care medicine, orthopedics, and traumatology, otolaryngology, ophthalmology, neurosurgery, pediatric surgery, forensic medicine),
  • 15% of pediatric profile tasks (pediatrics, childhood infections, neonatology),
  • 12.5% of hygiene profile tasks (hygiene, health care organization),
  • 12.5% of obstetrics and gynecology profile tasks.
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